ICU 60.2  60.2
Typedefs | Enumerations | Functions
uregion.h File Reference

C API: URegion (territory containment and mapping) More...

#include "unicode/utypes.h"
#include "unicode/uenum.h"

Go to the source code of this file.

Typedefs

typedef enum URegionType URegionType
 URegionType is an enumeration defining the different types of regions. More...
 
typedef struct URegion URegion
 

Enumerations

enum  URegionType {
  URGN_UNKNOWN, URGN_TERRITORY, URGN_WORLD, URGN_CONTINENT,
  URGN_SUBCONTINENT, URGN_GROUPING, URGN_DEPRECATED, URGN_LIMIT
}
 URegionType is an enumeration defining the different types of regions. More...
 

Functions

const URegionuregion_getRegionFromCode (const char *regionCode, UErrorCode *status)
 Returns a pointer to a URegion for the specified region code: A 2-letter or 3-letter ISO 3166 code, UN M.49 numeric code (superset of ISO 3166 numeric codes), or other valid Unicode Region Code as defined by the LDML specification. More...
 
const URegionuregion_getRegionFromNumericCode (int32_t code, UErrorCode *status)
 Returns a pointer to a URegion for the specified numeric region code. More...
 
UEnumerationuregion_getAvailable (URegionType type, UErrorCode *status)
 Returns an enumeration over the canonical codes of all known regions that match the given type. More...
 
UBool uregion_areEqual (const URegion *uregion, const URegion *otherRegion)
 Returns true if the specified uregion is equal to the specified otherRegion. More...
 
const URegionuregion_getContainingRegion (const URegion *uregion)
 Returns a pointer to the URegion that contains the specified uregion. More...
 
const URegionuregion_getContainingRegionOfType (const URegion *uregion, URegionType type)
 Return a pointer to the URegion that geographically contains this uregion and matches the specified type, moving multiple steps up the containment chain if necessary. More...
 
UEnumerationuregion_getContainedRegions (const URegion *uregion, UErrorCode *status)
 Return an enumeration over the canonical codes of all the regions that are immediate children of the specified uregion in the region hierarchy. More...
 
UEnumerationuregion_getContainedRegionsOfType (const URegion *uregion, URegionType type, UErrorCode *status)
 Returns an enumeration over the canonical codes of all the regions that are children of the specified uregion anywhere in the region hierarchy and match the given type. More...
 
UBool uregion_contains (const URegion *uregion, const URegion *otherRegion)
 Returns true if the specified uregion contains the specified otherRegion anywhere in the region hierarchy. More...
 
UEnumerationuregion_getPreferredValues (const URegion *uregion, UErrorCode *status)
 If the specified uregion is deprecated, returns an enumeration over the canonical codes of the regions that are the preferred replacement regions for the specified uregion. More...
 
const char * uregion_getRegionCode (const URegion *uregion)
 Returns the specified uregion's canonical code. More...
 
int32_t uregion_getNumericCode (const URegion *uregion)
 Returns the specified uregion's numeric code, or a negative value if there is no numeric code for the specified uregion. More...
 
URegionType uregion_getType (const URegion *uregion)
 Returns the URegionType of the specified uregion. More...
 

Detailed Description

C API: URegion (territory containment and mapping)

URegion objects represent data associated with a particular Unicode Region Code, also known as a Unicode Region Subtag, which is defined based upon the BCP 47 standard. These include:

Macroregion - A code for a "macro geographical (continental) region, geographical sub-region, or selected economic and other grouping" as defined in UN M.49. These are typically 3-digit codes, but contain some 2-letter codes for LDML extensions, such as "QO" for Outlying Oceania. Macroregions are represented in ICU by one of three region types: WORLD (code 001), CONTINENTS (regions contained directly by WORLD), and SUBCONTINENTS (regions contained directly by a continent ).

TERRITORY - A Region that is not a Macroregion. These are typically codes for countries, but also include areas that are not separate countries, such as the code "AQ" for Antarctica or the code "HK" for Hong Kong (SAR China). Overseas dependencies of countries may or may not have separate codes. The codes are typically 2-letter codes aligned with ISO 3166, but BCP47 allows for the use of 3-digit codes in the future.

UNKNOWN - The code ZZ is defined by Unicode LDML for use in indicating that region is unknown, or that the value supplied as a region was invalid.

DEPRECATED - Region codes that have been defined in the past but are no longer in modern usage, usually due to a country splitting into multiple territories or changing its name.

GROUPING - A widely understood grouping of territories that has a well defined membership such that a region code has been assigned for it. Some of these are UN M.49 codes that don't fall into the world/continent/sub-continent hierarchy, while others are just well-known groupings that have their own region code. Region "EU" (European Union) is one such region code that is a grouping. Groupings will never be returned by the uregion_getContainingRegion, since a different type of region (WORLD, CONTINENT, or SUBCONTINENT) will always be the containing region instead.

URegion objects are const/immutable, owned and maintained by ICU itself, so there are not functions to open or close them.

Definition in file uregion.h.

Typedef Documentation

typedef struct URegion URegion
Stable:
ICU 52

Definition at line 126 of file uregion.h.

typedef enum URegionType URegionType

URegionType is an enumeration defining the different types of regions.

Current possible values are URGN_WORLD, URGN_CONTINENT, URGN_SUBCONTINENT, URGN_TERRITORY, URGN_GROUPING, URGN_DEPRECATED, and URGN_UNKNOWN.

Stable:
ICU 51

Enumeration Type Documentation

URegionType is an enumeration defining the different types of regions.

Current possible values are URGN_WORLD, URGN_CONTINENT, URGN_SUBCONTINENT, URGN_TERRITORY, URGN_GROUPING, URGN_DEPRECATED, and URGN_UNKNOWN.

Stable:
ICU 51
Enumerator
URGN_UNKNOWN 

Type representing the unknown region.

Stable:
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URGN_TERRITORY 

Type representing a territory.

Stable:
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URGN_WORLD 

Type representing the whole world.

Stable:
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URGN_CONTINENT 

Type representing a continent.

Stable:
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URGN_SUBCONTINENT 

Type representing a sub-continent.

Stable:
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URGN_GROUPING 

Type representing a grouping of territories that is not to be used in the normal WORLD/CONTINENT/SUBCONTINENT/TERRITORY containment tree.

Stable:
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URGN_DEPRECATED 

Type representing a region whose code has been deprecated, usually due to a country splitting into multiple territories or changing its name.

Stable:
ICU 51
URGN_LIMIT 

One more than the highest normal URegionType value.

Deprecated:
ICU 58 The numeric value may change over time, see ICU ticket #12420.

Definition at line 65 of file uregion.h.

Function Documentation

UBool uregion_areEqual ( const URegion uregion,
const URegion otherRegion 
)

Returns true if the specified uregion is equal to the specified otherRegion.

Stable:
ICU 52
UBool uregion_contains ( const URegion uregion,
const URegion otherRegion 
)

Returns true if the specified uregion contains the specified otherRegion anywhere in the region hierarchy.

Stable:
ICU 52
UEnumeration* uregion_getAvailable ( URegionType  type,
UErrorCode status 
)

Returns an enumeration over the canonical codes of all known regions that match the given type.

The enumeration must be closed with with uenum_close().

Stable:
ICU 52
UEnumeration* uregion_getContainedRegions ( const URegion uregion,
UErrorCode status 
)

Return an enumeration over the canonical codes of all the regions that are immediate children of the specified uregion in the region hierarchy.

These returned regions could be either macro regions, territories, or a mixture of the two, depending on the containment data as defined in CLDR. This API returns NULL if this uregion doesn't have any sub-regions. For example, calling this function for uregion "150" (Europe) returns an enumeration containing the various sub-regions of Europe: "039" (Southern Europe), "151" (Eastern Europe), "154" (Northern Europe), and "155" (Western Europe). The enumeration must be closed with with uenum_close().

Stable:
ICU 52
UEnumeration* uregion_getContainedRegionsOfType ( const URegion uregion,
URegionType  type,
UErrorCode status 
)

Returns an enumeration over the canonical codes of all the regions that are children of the specified uregion anywhere in the region hierarchy and match the given type.

This API may return an empty enumeration if this uregion doesn't have any sub-regions that match the given type. For example, calling this method with region "150" (Europe) and type URGN_TERRITORY" returns an enumeration containing all the territories in Europe: "FR" (France), "IT" (Italy), "DE" (Germany), etc. The enumeration must be closed with with uenum_close().

Stable:
ICU 52
const URegion* uregion_getContainingRegion ( const URegion uregion)

Returns a pointer to the URegion that contains the specified uregion.

Returns NULL if the specified uregion is code "001" (World) or "ZZ" (Unknown region). For example, calling this method with region "IT" (Italy) returns the URegion for "039" (Southern Europe).

Stable:
ICU 52
const URegion* uregion_getContainingRegionOfType ( const URegion uregion,
URegionType  type 
)

Return a pointer to the URegion that geographically contains this uregion and matches the specified type, moving multiple steps up the containment chain if necessary.

Returns NULL if no containing region can be found that matches the specified type. Will return NULL if URegionType is URGN_GROUPING, URGN_DEPRECATED, or URGN_UNKNOWN which are not appropriate for this API. For example, calling this method with uregion "IT" (Italy) for type URGN_CONTINENT returns the URegion "150" (Europe).

Stable:
ICU 52
int32_t uregion_getNumericCode ( const URegion uregion)

Returns the specified uregion's numeric code, or a negative value if there is no numeric code for the specified uregion.

Stable:
ICU 52
UEnumeration* uregion_getPreferredValues ( const URegion uregion,
UErrorCode status 
)

If the specified uregion is deprecated, returns an enumeration over the canonical codes of the regions that are the preferred replacement regions for the specified uregion.

If the specified uregion is not deprecated, returns NULL. For example, calling this method with uregion "SU" (Soviet Union) returns a list of the regions containing "RU" (Russia), "AM" (Armenia), "AZ" (Azerbaijan), etc... The enumeration must be closed with with uenum_close().

Stable:
ICU 52
const char* uregion_getRegionCode ( const URegion uregion)

Returns the specified uregion's canonical code.

Stable:
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const URegion* uregion_getRegionFromCode ( const char *  regionCode,
UErrorCode status 
)

Returns a pointer to a URegion for the specified region code: A 2-letter or 3-letter ISO 3166 code, UN M.49 numeric code (superset of ISO 3166 numeric codes), or other valid Unicode Region Code as defined by the LDML specification.

The code will be canonicalized internally. If the region code is NULL or not recognized, the appropriate error code will be set (U_ILLEGAL_ARGUMENT_ERROR).

Stable:
ICU 52
const URegion* uregion_getRegionFromNumericCode ( int32_t  code,
UErrorCode status 
)

Returns a pointer to a URegion for the specified numeric region code.

If the numeric region code is not recognized, the appropriate error code will be set (U_ILLEGAL_ARGUMENT_ERROR).

Stable:
ICU 52
URegionType uregion_getType ( const URegion uregion)

Returns the URegionType of the specified uregion.

Stable:
ICU 52